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kumbh mela 2015
india kumbh mela
kumbh mela nasik 2015
nashik trimbakeshwar kumbh mela
2015 spiritual india
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All kinds of herbs were cast into the ocean and 14 Ratnas (gems or treasures) were produced from the ocean and were divided between asuras and gods. Though usually the Ratnas are enumerated as 14, the list in the scriptures ranges from 9 to 14 Ratnas. According to the quality of the treasures produced, they were accepted by Vishnu, the devas, and the asuras. There were three categories of Goddesses which emerged from the ocean;

  • Lakshmi, the Goddess of Fortune and Wealth - accepted by Vishnu as His eternal

    सर्वमङ्गलमाङ्गल्ये शिवेसर्वार्थसाधिके।
    शरण्ये त्र्यम्बकेगौरि नारायणि नमोऽस्तुते॥

    (Salutations to You O Narayani/ Lakshmi) Who is the Auspiciousness in All the Auspicious, Auspiciousness Herself and Complete with All the Auspicious Attributes, The Giver of Refuge, With Three Eyes and a Shining Face; Salutations to You O Narayani/ Lakshmi.)

  • Apsaras, v Apsaras, various divine nymphs like Rambha, Menaka(wife of indra), Punjikasthala, etc. - given to the demigods.
  • Varuni or Sura, v Varuni or Sura, goddess and creator of alcohol - taken - somewhat reluctantly (she appeared dishevelled and argumentative) - by the demons.

Likewise, three types of supernatural animals appeared;

  • Kamadhenu or Surabhi (sanskrit:kāmadhuk), v Kamadhenu or Surabhi (sanskrit:kāmadhuk), the wish-granting divine cow - taken by Vishnu, and given to sages so ghee from her milk could be used in sacrifices.

  • Airavata, and several other elephants, taken by Indra, leader of the devas.
  • Uchhaishravas, the divine 7-headed horse - given to the demons.

When and how did it Start ?
The Story of Samudra Manthan
Indra, the King of Devatas, while riding on an elephant, came across a sage named Durvasa who offered him a special garland. Indra accepted the garland, placing it on the trunk of the elephant. The elephant, irritated by the smell of the garland, threw it to the ground. This enraged the sage as the garland was a dwelling of Sri (fortune) and was to be treated as prasada. Durvasa Muni cursed Indra and all devas to be bereft of all strength, energy, and fortune.

Sagar Manthan
In battles that followed this incident, Devas were defeated and Asuras (demons) led by king Bali gained control of the universe. Devas sought help from god Vishnu who advised them to treat asuras in a diplomatic manner. Devas formed an alliance with asuras to jointly churn the ocean for the nectar of immortality and to share it among them. However, Lord Vishnu told Devas that he would arrange that they alone obtain the nectar

Churning the Milky Ocean
The churning of the Ocean of Milk or the Milky Way was an elaborate process. Mount Mandarachala was used as the churning rod, and Vasuki, the king of serpents, became the churning rope The demons (asuras) demanded to hold the head of the snake, while the demigods (devas), taking advice from Vishnu, agreed to hold its tail. As a result the demons were poisoned by fumes emitted by Vasuki.

Despite this, the demigods and demons pulled back and forth on the snake's body alternately, causing the mountain to rotate, which in turn churned the ocean.

However, once the mountain was placed on the ocean, it began to sink. Vishnu in his second incarnation, in the form of a turtle Kurma, came to their rescue and supported the mountain on his back.

Halahala (also called ‘Kalakuta')
During the Samudra Manthan by the gods and demons, one of the product emerged from the churning was a dangerous poison (Halahala).

This terrified the gods and demons because the poison was so toxic that it might have destroyed all of creation. On the advice of Vishnu, the gods approached Shiva for help and protection.

ॐ त्र्यम्बकं यजामहे सुगन्धिं पुष्टिवर्धनम् ।
उर्वारुकमिव बन्धनान् मृत्योर्मुक्षीय मामृतात् ॥

Om, We Worship the Three-Eyed One (Lord Shiva), Who  is Fragrant (Spiritual Essence) and Who Nourishes all beings. May He severe  our Bondage of Samsara (Worldly Life), like a Cucumber (severed from the  bondage of its Creeper), and thus Liberate us from the Fear of Death, by making  us realize that we are never separated from our Immortal Nature.

Out of compassion for living beings, Shiva swallowed the poison in an act of self-sacrifice.

However, his consort Parvati who was looking on, terrified at the thought of his impending death, prevented the poison from descending into his body.

Thus the poison was stuck in Shiva's throat with nowhere to go, and it was so potent that it changed the color of Shiva's neck to blue. For this reason, he is also called Nilakanta (the blue-throated one; "neela" = "blue", "kantha" = "throat" in Sanskrit).

When the heat from the poison had become unbearable Shiva is supposed to have used his trishul to dig for water forming the Gosaikunda lake.

The Nectar of immortality
धान्वन्तरं द्वादशमं त्रयोदशममेव च ।
अपाययत्सुरानन्यान्मोहिन्या मोहयन् स्त्रिया ॥

The avatara of Dhanvantri was the twelfth incarnation and in the  thirteenth avatara, the Lord, in the form of a damsel named Mohini, by  enchanting and deceiving the asuras, made the Devas drink the nectar.

Finally, Dhanvantari, the heavenly physician, emerged with a pot containing Amrita, the heavenly nectarof immortality. Fierce fighting ensued between Devas and Asuras for the nectar.

Kumbh happens in every 12 Years at one place and every 3rd Year at Haridwar, Prayag, Nasik & Ujjain alternatively.

Fight for Amrit continued for 12 Dev Day which is equal to humans 12 Years.

At 4th places, where Jayant Son of Lord Indra stopped during the snatching of Amrit, Jupiter saved the pot from demons while Sun insured the safety of Pot and Moon insured that Nectar does not spill.

“When ever these three planets reach the same degree, Mahakumbh occurs.”